World COPD Day is celebrated annually on the third Wednesday of November, which means that this year it falls on November 16. This day raises awareness of COPD disease, which is a type of lung disease.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of preventable and treatable progressive lung disease characterized by long-term respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation. Its main symptoms include shortness of breath and cough, and possible chronic sputum production.
It is a very serious disease and although it is incurable, it can be prevented and treated. But despite its seriousness, it is seen that most people are still unaware of the disease and the ways to deal with it and that is why this day is observed as an awareness.
|Event||World COPD Day|
|Date||November 16, 2022|
|Meaning||COPD awareness day|
|observed by||All over the world|
History of World COPD Day:
Throughout history, doctors have used different terms to describe what COPD probably was. In 1679, the Swiss physician Théophile Bonet referred to it as “bulky lungs” and in 1769, the Italian anatomist Giovanni Morgagni reported 19 cases of “turgid” lungs. In 1814, the British physician Charles Badham first identified chronic bronchitis as a disabling health condition and part of COPD. He was the first person to use the term “cold” to describe the constant cough and excess mucus that COPD produces. In 1821, the physician René Laënnec, inventor of the stethoscope, recognized emphysema as another component of COPD. In 1846, John Hutchinson invented the spirometer, which measures vital lung capacity and remains an essential tool for diagnosing COPD today.
Air pollution and increased cigarette smoking in Britain in the early 20th century led to high rates of chronic lung disease, although it received little attention until the Great Smog of London in December 1952. This stimulated epidemiological research in the UK. United. , Holland and other places. In 1953, Dr. George L. Waldbott, an American allergist, first described a new disease that he called smoker’s respiratory syndrome in the 1953 Journal of the American Medical Association. This was the first association between smoking and the disease. chronic respiratory.
The first person to think of using the term “chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder” was Dr. William Briscoe at the 9th Aspen Emphysema Conference in June 1965. In 1976, physician Charles Fletcher linked smoking to COPD in his book “The Natural History of Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema”. He and his colleagues found that quitting smoking could help slow the progress of COPD. The concept of pulmonary rehabilitation and home care was also introduced at the 9th Aspen Emphysema Conference. Today, long-term oxygen therapy by these means is the only treatment known to alter the course of COPD.
Modern treatments developed during the second half of the 20th century. Evidence supporting the use of steroids in COPD was published in the late 1950s. Bronchodilators came into use in the 1960s following a promising trial of isoprenaline. Other bronchodilators, such as short-acting salbutamol, were developed in the 1970s, and the use of long-acting bronchodilators began in the mid-1990s. The 1990s saw an increase in the use of medications to control symptoms of COPD and restore lung function. Promoting COPD education meant smoking cessation and clean air awareness became the main focus of self-care treatment.
Importance of World COPD Day:
COPD refers to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, a common respiratory condition that develops in men and women of all ages around the world. COPD is an umbrella term that encompasses a number of progressive lung disorders, primarily emphysema and chronic bronchitis, that obstruct the air sacs and bronchial tubes within the lungs, leading to shortness of breath and lung damage. COPD usually lasts for several years or, in some cases, can even be a lifelong disease. COPD not only directly damages the lungs, but also makes affected individuals more susceptible to respiratory infections, heart disease, and chest pain/angina.
There can be many causes of COPD, but some of the main ones include smoking, constant exposure to secondhand smoke, direct inhalation of toxic chemicals, fumes and dust in a work environment, acquiring asthma in childhood developing a rare genetic disease known as alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency that induces COPD in young people, ongoing exposure to air pollution, dust, particulate matter, or living in homes with inadequate ventilation, and inhaling fumes from burning coal and fuel for cook and heat.
COPD is an inflammatory lung condition that has symptoms similar to asthma, and some people have both diseases. Some of the main symptoms of COPD include cough with release of phlegm, shortness of breath, wheezing, discomfort and tightness in the chest, accumulation of mucus in the lungs and nasal passages, excessive fatigue and weight loss. Therefore, most of the symptoms do not show much difficulty at first, but worsen if not treated continuously.
Although there is no cure for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the disease can be managed effectively with proper treatment. Corrective measures include: Bronchodilators in which medications must be inhaled that remove obstructions in the airways, open the lungs and make breathing easier. Steroids are also given to reduce inflammation. Patients are also recommended to modify their lifestyle as a treatment including quitting tobacco smoking, adhering to a healthy diet rich in nutrients, regular physical exercise for 30 minutes daily, diaphragmatic breathing practices involving deep inhalation and exhalation.
World COPD Day theme:
The first World COPD Day was celebrated in 2002. Each year, organizers from more than 50 countries have held activities, making the day one of the largest COPD awareness and education events in the world. The theme for World COPD Day for 2022 is “Your Lungs for Life”.
This year’s theme aims to highlight the importance of lifelong lung health. You are born with only one pair of lungs. From development through adulthood, maintaining healthy lungs is an integral part of future health and wellness.
This campaign will focus on the factors that contribute to COPD from birth to adulthood and what we can do to promote lifelong lung health and protect vulnerable populations.
Most Searched FAQs on World COPD Day:
1. When is World COPD Day celebrated?
World COPD Day is celebrated annually on the third Wednesday of November.
2. Are COPD and asthma the same?
No, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma are different diseases, although they both affect the lungs and make it difficult to breathe.
3. What is the theme of World COPD Day 2022?
The theme for World COPD Day 2022 is “Your Lungs for Life”.