Greed is a burning desire, an insatiable thirst, a longing and a lust. Greedy people want the objects of their desire to provide them with lasting satisfaction so that they feel whole, complete, and complete. Greed creates an inner hunger that makes it seem like you are always striving for an unattainable goal. They mistakenly believe that their happiness depends on that goal, but once they reach it, they don’t get lasting satisfaction. Greed is all-encompassing as it includes defilements related to money, yearning lust and food and the inability to let go of things easily, and our desire to have more than others.
By Dr. Judge Chandradasa Nanayakkara
There are four excellent qualities or attitudes, which in Pali are collectively called Brahma-Viharas in Buddhism. They are (a) Loving-kindness or universal love (metta) (b) Compassion (Karuna) (c) Sympathetic joy or appreciative joy (mute) (d) Equanimity (upekka). Brahma Viharas as positive virtues can also be taken as meditation subjects.
The word Brahma has been interpreted to mean excellent, lofty, sublime or noble, and Vihara as states of life. Brahma Vihara therefore means sublime states and some call it divine states or divine abodes. These four attitudes are said to be excellent, or sublime, because they are the correct or ideal form of conduct to be directed towards all living beings. They provide the answer to all situations, derived from social contact, and is the most conducive to a noble life. They remove social barriers, build harmonious communities, promote altruism, unity and brotherhood.
The four states of mind; love, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity are also known as the limitless states (appamannyo) insofar as they are virtues that extend to all beings, without exception, whatever their caste, race, color and creed, and are not limited by any limitation as to the range of beings to which they extend. In other words, they are non-exclusive and impartial and are not subject to selective preferences or biases. A mind that has reached that state of immensity will harbor no national, racial, religious, or class hatred. It is said that one who assiduously cultivates these four positive attitudes through conduct and meditation becomes equal to Brahma. These
divine states help humanity to overcome their negative emotions, such as anger, fear and delusion. Furthermore, when these positive qualities become the dominant influence in a person’s mind, it is said that he will be reborn in a pleasant world after his death. The four sublime states are interrelated and interdependent.
mute It is the third sublime virtue. mute it is usually translated as “sympathetic” joy or “altruistic” or vicarious joy, which is the pleasure that comes from delighting in the well-being of another person. That’s why, mute, As a mediation theme, it is used to cultivate appreciative joy at the success and good fortune of others.
The Lord Buddha declared: “Here, monks, a disciple dwells penetrating one direction with their hearts full of compassionate joy, as well as the second, third, and fourth directions; so above, below and around; he dwells pervading the whole world everywhere and equally with the heart of him full of compassionate joy, abundant, enlarged, immeasurable, free from enmity and free from anguish” (Deega Nikaya).
mute it is traditionally considered the most difficult of the four immeasurables (Braham Vihara, or the four sublime attitudes) to cultivate. It can mean rejoicing in the happiness and accomplishments of others, even when we ourselves are facing tragedy. It’s not just practice mute beneficial to our individual well-being, it is also beneficial to the whole of society. There are many “enemies” of mute which are mental tendencies that make it very difficult to practice mute. The main obstacles are envy and greed.
Envy can be described as a negative emotional state in the face of someone else’s fortune. It is our inability to be happy because of someone else’s good fortune. mute it is the opposite of envy. Known as the green-eyed monster, envy is formed by feelings of pain when we notice the possessions, good qualities or achievements of others. They seem painful to us, because they remind us too much of our own shortcomings. When we see them, we would like to have those things ourselves, so it is a form of longing. It is an emotion that, according to the philosopher Bertrand Russell, is among the most powerful causes of unhappiness.
When envy is present, we cannot bear the happiness of others. Very often, some cannot bear to see or hear the successful achievements of others. They rejoice at their failures but cannot tolerate their successes. Instead of praising and congratulating the successful, they try to ruin, condemn, and vilify them. In some way, mute it contributes more to the happiness of those who practice it than to others to whom it is extended, since it tends to eradicate jealousy, within those who practice it.
Jealous behavior can be very destructive within a relationship. If left unchecked, jealousy can lead to mistrust, controlling behavior, and emotional or physical abuse. No one will admit to being jealous, but every world has felt it at some point in life. Genuine joy at the prosperity and achievements of others is a rare quality. the virtue of mute it is usually seen in the context of close relationships, such as parents and children, teachers and students. Parents generally feel joy at their children’s success, without any jealousy. Teachers do the same in the successes of their students. Therefore, it can be an easy virtue to practice, within the narrow circles of one’s family. Practicing the same virtue towards wider social circles and society at large can require an enormous amount of effort and willpower. Sometimes rivalry and jealousy can be seen even between siblings. Undeniably, jealousy is an emotion that is embedded in human nature.
When something good happens to someone on the surface, one can feel happy for him. But, internally, there may be a pang of jealousy. This is the common human response. Greed is a burning desire, an insatiable thirst, a longing and a lust. People who are greedy want the objects of their desire to provide them with lasting satisfaction so that they feel fulfilled, whole, and complete. Greed creates an inner hunger that makes it seem like you are always striving for an unattainable goal. They mistakenly believe that their happiness depends on that goal, but once they reach it, they don’t get lasting satisfaction. Greed is all-encompassing as it includes defilements related to money, yearning lust and food and the inability to let go of things easily, and our desire to have more than others.
methodical meditative practice mute It will help love, compassion, joy and equanimity become spontaneous. It will make the mind more steady, serene and calm, despite the many irritations and problems of life. Practical conduct governed by sublime states, (mute) will harbor less resentment, tension, and irritability.