Air pollution is increasing cases of bronchitis Read here for symptoms Treatment tips to mitigate risk

Air pollution is increasing cases of bronchitis Read here for symptoms Treatment tips to mitigate risk

The risk of bronchitis increases with the air pollution that is aggravated in Delhi NCR. Here are some tips on how to mitigate risk, diagnose and treat bronchitis.

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Air pollution is increasing cases of bronchitis.

Health risk of air pollution: As Delhi-NCR deals with severe air pollution, cases of bronchitis have been on the rise in the national capital and neighboring cities. Air quality has plummeted to ‘very poor’ and ‘severe’ amid harsh weather conditions, stubble burning and post-Diwali pollution. This has affected the health of residents. A survey by a community social media platform finds that 4 out of 5 families in Delhi and adjoining areas have at least one member facing pollution-related ailments. As air pollution continues to wreak havoc on citizens’ health, staying home, avoiding morning walks, getting vaccinated against the flu and pneumonia, wearing an N-95 mask while adventuring could help reduce adverse effects. of air pollution.

BRONCHITIS ON THE RISE

Bronchitis refers to an inflammation (swelling) of the lining of the bronchi (airways in the lungs) that carry air to and from the lungs. It is caused by a virus, bacteria or irritating particles that trigger an inflammation of the bronchi. Smoking is considered a key risk factor, but non-smokers can also be affected by bronchitis.

AIR POLLUTION INCREASES THE RISK OF BRONCHITIS

“Smog can inflame the airways, decreasing the working capacity of the lungs and causing shortness of breath, pain when taking a deep breath, wheezing and coughing. It can dry out the protective membranes in the nose and throat and interfere with the body’s ability to fight infection, increasing susceptibility to disease,” Dr. Gurmeet Singh Chabbra, Director of Pulmonology, Marengo QRG Hospital, Faridabad, told Hindustan. Times.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF BRONCHITIS

People with bronchitis often have the following symptoms:

  • a persistent cough that produces thick, discolored mucus.
  • Dry cough,
  • wheezing,
  • Chest pain,
  • low fever,
  • loss of appetite,
  • body pain,
  • chest discomfort,
  • fatigue,
  • difficulty breathing.

WHO IS AT HIGHER RISK OF DEVELOPING BRONCHITIS

“People who smoke, are obese, have asthma, GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or other respiratory conditions, a history of recurrent respiratory infections in childhood, have an autoimmune disorder, or other diseases that cause airway inflammation are more susceptible to a bout of bronchitis or bronchitis-like symptoms,” Dr. Chabbra told the Hindustan Times.

POST-COVID DIFFICULTIES

People who have had severe COVID-19 pneumonia in the past have susceptible lungs and are prone to bronchitis-like symptoms after a respiratory infection or exposure to air pollution.

Dr. Chabbra also explains how to diagnose and treat bronchitis.

HOW TO DIAGNOSE BRONCHITIS?

  • A chest x-ray is important to detect pneumonia.
  • Sputum tests are done to check for signs of allergies or infections.
  • Pulmonary function tests check for signs of asthma or COOD.
  • The nasal swab test is done for viruses, such as Covid-19 or the flu.

HOW TO TREAT BRONCHITIS?

  • Bronchitis due to the flu can be treated with antiviral drugs like Tamiflu, anti-inflammatory drugs like corticosteroids, and other medications.
  • Cough suppressants can help with a persistent cough. If you have COPD or asthma, additional medications such as mucolytics or breathing treatments such as inhaled bronchodilators or steroids may be recommended. Antibiotics may be required.
  • Milder cases of acute bronchitis usually get better on their own within a couple of weeks. Symptomatic or disease-specific treatment may be required, for which specialist consultation is recommended.
  • Severe cases may require admission, oxygen therapy, or stay in the ICU.
  • BiPAP/NIV therapy may be recommended for patients and, in critical situations, mechanical ventilation may be required.

HOW TO MINIMIZE THE RISK OF BRONCHITIS?

Here are some tips to prevent the risk of bronchitis:

  • Stay inside, keep doors and windows closed.
  • Maintain good hydration
  • Avoid early morning and late afternoon walks, as during these cold hours the air is very dense and suspended particles settle.
  • Wearing a well-fitting mask or N95 mask can be helpful if you do venture outside the house.
  • Avoid or limit smoking.
  • Those who take inhaled medications for COPD (emphysema and chronic bronchitis) or bronchial asthma should take their medications regularly.
  • Stay away from fumes, air pollution, or secondhand smoke.
  • wash your hands frequently
  • Ask your doctor and get vaccinated against the flu and pneumonia (pneumococcal vaccine).
  • Those who have not yet received the Covid vaccine should take the vaccine as recommended by the treating doctor.




Publish Date: Nov 6, 2022 2:16pm IST



Date Updated: Nov 6, 2022 2:17pm IST

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