See the treasures of King Tutankhamun’s tomb discovered 100 years ago

See the treasures of King Tutankhamun’s tomb discovered 100 years ago

The tomb of King Tutankhamun, the boy king of ancient Egypt, was discovered 100 years ago.

The tomb of King Tutankhamun, the boy king of ancient Egypt, was discovered 100 years ago.

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Searching the desert of Egypt’s Valley of the Kings, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his team noticed a series of steps hidden beneath the rubble. Walking down the stairs on November 4, 1922, archaeologists did not know what discovery awaited them, but 100 years later, the world knows: the Tomb of King Tutankhamunthe boy king of ancient Egypt.

King Tutankhamun, often called King TutHe is widely considered the most famous ruler of ancient Egypt and the rediscovery of his tomb is still considered one of the most significant in modern archaeology, according to the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.

A century later, the tomb’s treasures continue to intrigue and amaze people around the world.

Rediscovering the tomb of King Tutankhamun

King Tutankhamun came to the throne at the age of 10 and ruled Ancient Egypt for nine years, from 1336 to 1327 BC. C., according to Britannica. He died at the age of 19. Experts previously believed that he died of an infection in a broken leg; however, scientists found traces of malaria in his remains during an investigation in 2010. This led them to conclude that he died of malaria combined with a bone disease.

After his death, King Tutankhamun was “erased from history because he was related to the unpopular king,” the Egyptian ministry explained. The location of his hastily constructed tomb was forgotten within 200 years, Britannica said.

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The entrance area to King Tutankhamun’s tomb as seen in the 1920s. access point

Carter’s team discovered the forgotten entrance to King Tutankhamun’s tomb near the well-known entrance to King Ramses VI’s tomb, according to History.com. Investigators spent weeks excavating the tomb before entering the innermost chambers on November 26, 1922.

Lifting the lid of the boy king’s sarcophagus, archaeologists came face to face with the mummy of the young ruler, hidden for more than 3,000 years.

In size and decoration, King Tutankhamun’s tomb is “modest” compared to others in the Valley of the Kings, the ministry said. For preservation, however, his tomb is unmatched.

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The guarded entrance to King Tutankhamun’s tomb seen in the 1920s. Photo from the Egyptian Antiquities Registration Center

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An archaeologist looks at a sarcophagus found in the tomb of King Tutankhamun in the 1920s. access point

Like many ancient Egyptian pharaohs, King Tutankhamun’s tomb was carefully filled with items for the late ruler’s journey to the afterlife. Entering the tomb, archaeologists found thousands of artifacts packed tightly together, Britannica reported.

Exploring the tomb took four years, History.com reported. Removing the entire contents of the tomb took nearly a decade, Britannica said.

Still, the discoveries immediately captured the world’s attention and never lost it. In the 1960s and 1970s, an exhibit called “Treasures of Tutankhamun” traveled the world, Britannica said.

King Tutankhamun’s tomb today

Over the years, King Tutankhamun’s tomb, the stone sarcophagus with three nested coffins, and the mummified body have been carefully preserved, photographs show.

People can visit the tomb and look at the walls decorated with scenes from the boy king’s funeral procession, among others, the Egyptian ministry said.

King Tutankhamun’s sarcophagus and mummy no longer reside in the tomb, but a platform is raised to mark its place, photos show.

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The inner room of the tomb of King Tutankhamun. Photo by the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

Rather, the mummy of the boy king has been removed to be carefully studied and preserved, photos show and the Associated Press reported.

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Egypt’s antiquities chief oversees the 2007 removal of King Tutankhamun’s mummy from his stone sarcophagus in his underground tomb in the famed Valley of the Kings in Luxor, Egypt. ben curtis ASSOCIATED PRESS

Researchers have gone to great lengths to restore the priceless artifacts to their original state and maintain them. The photos show the experts inspecting the restoration process of King Tutankhamun’s innermost gold coffin in 2019.

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Inspecting the coffin of King Tutankhamun during its restoration in 2019. Photo by the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

King Tutankhamun’s Treasure

King Tutankhamun’s tomb, unlike most other royal tombs, remained “miraculously intact”, suffering only minor looting before its location was forgotten, the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities said.

Around 5,000 artifacts were found in the tomb, from clothing to jewelry, from furniture to toys, from weapons to cosmetics, the ministry said. Many of these artifacts now reside in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

One such artifact is the intact head of a leopard with the symbol of King Tutankhamun carved between his eyes, photos show.

The archaeologists also found a vase in the shape of a Mountain goat adorned with real antlers, photos show. Since then, the 17-inch-tall vase has lost a horn.

A wooden fan Covered in gold and hieroglyphic text was also found in the tomb, photos show.

a smaller wrist a scarab made of deep blue lapis lazuli and gold also emerged from the tomb, the museum said.

Relieved of his 3,000-year duty guarding the doorA 6-foot-tall statue of King Tutankhamun, made of wood and covered in gold, also came from the tomb, museum photos show.

King Tutankhamun and his tomb are iconic symbols of Egypt known and celebrated throughout the world.

Google Translate and Facebook Translate were used to translate press releases from the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities and publications from the Egyptian Museum.

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Aspen Pflughoeft covers real-time news for McClatchy. She is a graduate of Minerva University where she studied communications, history, and international politics. Previously, she reported for the Deseret News.

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