Why hypertension is on the rise among young adults- The New Indian Express

Why hypertension is on the rise among young adults- The New Indian Express

express news service

CHENNAI: Genetic and underlying diseases and lifestyle factors have led to one in four people over the age of 18 suffering from increased blood pressure or hypertension in India. Men are more likely to have hypertension than women. Hypertension develops over a period of time and can be attributed to unhealthy eating habits, poor lifestyles, excessive smoking, alcohol use, cigarette smoking, lack of exercise, and stress. Patients with diabetes and obesity are more likely to have hypertension. In the recent past, there has been an increase in young people who have ignored their hypertensive condition, and this has turned into chronic kidney diseases, renal artery stenosis, and cardiovascular and other vascular diseases.

Symptoms often include constant headaches, palpitations, dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath, blurred vision, inadequate sleep, and high salt intake, among others. If you experience any of these symptoms for prolonged periods, see a doctor. Chronic high blood pressure could lead to increased blockages and weakening of the heart’s arteries, leading to a stroke. It could also increase the risk of kidney disease and cognitive decline. Therefore, it is important to check your blood pressure at least once every six months.

The typical blood pressure reading for a healthy person should be 120/80 mm Hg and for those who have been diagnosed with hypertension, it is important to aim to keep your pressure at least 140/90 mm Hg. The top reading is known as the systolic pressure, which is simply the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats, and the bottom reading is the diastolic pressure, or the pressure measured between heartbeats.

When taking your blood pressure, put both feet on the ground and keep your legs uncrossed. The blood pressure cuff should wrap snugly over the skin of the arm, which should rest on a table at chest height. Make sure the blood pressure cuff is not too tight.

One is diagnosed with hypertension based on a 24-hour average reading of 130/80 mm Hg, an average daytime reading of 135/85 mm Hg, and an average overnight reading of 120/70 mm Hg. For a patient with hypertension, the force of blood against the walls of the arteries is constantly high, making the heart work that much harder to pump blood. Hypertension can be classified into primary hypertension, which develops gradually as a person ages, and secondary hypertension, which is often characteristic of younger people caused by chronic kidney disease, hormonal imbalance, thyroid disorder, heart conditions such as narrowing of the aorta and hyperactivity. thyroid, among others.

The author is Chief Cardiothoracic Surgeon at Bangalore Specialized Hospital.

Measures to reduce hypertension

Weight control and exercise: Make sure your sugar intake is kept to a minimum and completely avoid carbonated drinks. Follow a proper diet that includes adequate intake of protein, fruits, and green leafy vegetables, and exercise for at least 30 minutes a day for five consecutive days a week. Physical activity also helps strengthen the heart.

Get enough sleep: Lack of sleep often leads to anxiety and increases the risk of high blood pressure, which could lead to diabetes, stroke, and cardiovascular disease.

Avoid stress: Engage in de-stressing activities, such as listening to soothing music, laughter therapy, or a hobby that interests you, such as gardening.

Limit salt intake: Increasing your salt intake can lead to water retention, which could lead to high flow in your arterial vessels, putting pressure on your arteries and making your heart work harder to pump blood.

Alcohol and tobacco: Avoid alcohol and tobacco and also oily processed and canned foods.

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