In the event of a nuclear disaster, how can a state protect its citizens and armed forces, and what are the most critical behavior patterns for citizens?
TEL AVIV, ISRAEL, October 26, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ — During 2022, Europe’s usually calm and serene skies were covered with clouds of war. As citizens living in the countries surrounding Russia and Ukraine hear implied threats about the use of “tactical weapons”, Impertech decided to offer the necessary information and equipment to ensure the safety and sense of security of civilians.
It is fair to say that a radioactive disaster can happen at any given time, however, during the war involving nuclear-armed countries, the fear of such a disaster increases. Unstable conditions, bombing and gunfire near nuclear power plants, misidentification, falling from a stray missile become more likely. These days, there are indications of an increased risk of deliberate bombing with the intention of causing environmental damage that will lead to the end of the campaign in Eastern Europe.
Those of us who are old enough can remember the Chernobyl nuclear disaster and its serious repercussions throughout the European continent. Residents within a 30 km radius were evacuated, thousands became ill with radiation sickness, and in the long term, an increase in the incidence of cancer has been observed.
The biggest challenge with radioactive contaminants is that they carry a radioactive load that remains in the air and is very difficult to remove. The radioactive load “settles” on dust and water particles and spreads with them over large areas; it sinks to the ground, from where it can be dispersed with the help of the wind or penetrate and contaminate the soil and groundwater.
Anyone living in an environment affected by radioactive waste particles is at risk of contaminating their organs and thus serious health risks. In the short term, this leads to radiation syndrome and, in the long term, an increased risk of cancer. High levels of exposure, without proper safety measures or treatment, will lead to death.
In addition, the radioactive load damages the skin membranes, causes burns and enters the body through the eyes, so it is essential to protect the face and body.
There are two main defense measures that can be applied to a large population. Medical treatment: which protects internal organs from damage from radiation that enters the body through the respiratory system, and wearable protective equipment that prevents contaminated particles from entering the body and adds an outer layer of protection for the skin and organs. eyes.
Medical treatment: it is an urgent and crucial first response to minimize radiation damage.
Residents living in the vicinity of nuclear plants are given Lugol pills by the authorities and, in the event of a nuclear disaster, are instructed to take Lugol at a set dose (determined by body weight) for ten days, followed by an antibiotic treatment. Lugol is a mixture of potassium iodide (KI). The iodine in the pills floods the thyroid gland and prevents the absorption of the radioactive isotope that is released from the damaged reactor. However, iodine treatment only provides partial protection, reducing radiation sickness but not completely preventing health damage. Also, while the medication might help protect against internal organ damage, it does not protect the skin or eyes.
Portable protective equipment: designed to protect the skin, face and eyes against burns and the penetration of radioactive particles.
Radioactive particles are scattered everywhere during a radioactive disaster. Respiratory system protection by wearing a full face mask with NBC filter prevents inhalation of contaminated particles and thus provides better protection against radiation damage and allows people to safely evacuate the affected area.
Both protection measures complement each other, but the use of an integral NBC mask has the great advantage of completely avoiding the inhalation and penetration of radioactive particles through the eyes. Thus, in residential areas adjacent to nuclear reactors, security forces often give residents Lugol’s pills as a first-response treatment, as well as protective equipment that would allow a safer evacuation from the disaster area.
Therefore, the most recommended strategy for areas adjacent to nuclear reactors is to provide residents with medication and protective equipment, at a minimum. Both civilians and security forces must have these measures in place to provide the opportunity for safer and faster evacuation in the event of a disaster.
Complete protective equipment It includes:
Gas mask – it is important to choose a gas mask that has been tested and approved by the competent authorities (such as the NATO NSN). There are hooded masks that fit over the head and hair, and there are gas masks for children and babies.
Air Supply Pump: The pump draws in air from the environment, filters it, and pushes the clean air into the mask. This makes breathing easier and is specifically designed for those who need to be on the move (rescue forces), as well as those suffering from exhaustion, illness or poor health, as well as children and the elderly.
Clothing: Security forces mainly wear protective clothing. If you cannot obtain a protective suit, you should wear long-sleeved clothing, gloves, a hat, and boots. You should protect your face and eyes as much as possible.
Lugol: You should take the drug as soon as you identify a radioactive event, according to the recommended dose and instructions.
Critical guidelines for behavior in the event of a radioactive disaster:
1. Take Lugol’s tablets according to the recommended dose.
2. Seek shelter until time to evacuate: stay inside, seal all air openings
3. Discard clothing and shoes worn during exposure. Wash your body and hair well. Take your pets inside and wash them well.
4. Put on a NBC filter gas mask, preferably with an air pump to facilitate breathing.
5. Act in accordance with the official guidelines of the authorities in charge of the event.