Specialist in Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases Assoc. Dr. Yavuz Selim Yıldırım, “Sore throat manifests as burning, pain, dryness, and irritation in the throat area. Sore throat is the first symptom of many diseases.
Throat; Since it is a junctional area, viruses and bacteria that arrive through the air or through direct food contact are first captured by the lymphatic tissues here and symptoms occur. Apart from this, to the symptoms of nasal congestion. symptoms such as pain, cough, tickling occur.
As a result of increased air pollution in winter, inhaled polluted air can irritate the throat and increase complaints of a sore throat, just like in cigarettes.
In evaluating the complaint of sore throat, we also check for accompanying symptoms. For example, fever, weakness, cough, fatigue, sweating, runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, and sputum should be evaluated along with sore throat.
The most important causes of sore throat are viral and bacterial causes. The most common are viral causes. Viruses like Influenza, Rhino virus, Adenovirus, parainfluenza, herpes, Coronavirus, Epstain bar virus and coxsaki can be counted among the viruses. is a factor
The initial type of sore throat, the accompanying symptoms, the general condition of the patient, and the viral-bacterial distinction can be made by examination. Empirical treatment can be started immediately. A definitive diagnosis can be reached through blood tests and various tests in people and children who cannot be differentiated. Many people fear that once the symptoms of the disease begin, it will get worse and use many traditional and complementary practices to prevent it. Illnesses usually begin with a runny nose, nasal congestion, and lacrimation, that is, with rhinitis, then pharyngitis with the addition of sore throat, tickling, and difficulty swallowing, then laryngitis if hoarseness is added, and finally bronchitis with the addition of dryness or phlegm cough.
As a result, symptoms can occur anywhere the airways affect, as the airways start in the nose and continue to the lungs.
Dr. Yavuz Selim Yıldırım talked about how to treat sore throat;
Since most viral illnesses are seen, I will first talk about viral sore throat treatment. By starting antibiotics in viral infections, we cause damage to the flora of the affected throat due to viruses, and by giving antibiotics to healthy cells there, it can cause the disease to be prolonged. In other words, the unnecessary use of antibiotics can make the throat worse instead of healing, and additional illnesses can occur. Unless the doctor who examined you prescribes antibiotics, you should not insist on antibiotics.
Antibiotics only work on bacterial throat infections and speed healing.
In throat infections due to viral causes, the back wall of the throat is blotchy, swollen, and red. These rashes make the throat dry, ticklish, and painful when eating, drinking, and talking. In other words, when the back wall of the throat is irritated from viral causes, it should be noted that plenty of fluids should be taken to prevent the throat from becoming dry. At least 1.5-2 liters of fluid should be consumed at all times. Once again, slightly warm tea and drinks such as linden that soothe the throat also soothe it. – Provides significant relief from sore throat by protecting this area from drying out. Oily and sticky foods like tahini molasses and olive oil, which also have the characteristic of sticking to the throat, speed healing by keeping the throat moist.
In cases where the mucosa of the throat due to viruses is irritated, especially not to do, lemon vinegar, spicy ginger spicy foods and drinks that harm the throat should not be consumed! Because lemon is acidic, it causes a little more irritation of the lining of the throat and prolongs healing. Likewise, vinegar, salt, bitters and spices can increase the irritation of the mucosa of the throat, delaying healing and worsening the patient’s symptoms. In microbial infections, i.e. bacterial throat infections, vinegar, saline, botanical waters, and throat sprays aid in healing by accelerating the removal of bacteria from the throat.
As a result, the Assoc. Dr. Yavuz Selim Yıldırım said: “Since the cause of each sore throat is not the same; He said that antibiotics should not be used right away. Abundant fluid intake should be provided, for management of accompanying symptoms, for example, by antipyretic analgesic support. Healing can be speeded up. Ensuring nasal patency in people with nasal congestion prevents the throat from drying out and speeds recovery. And again, a sore throat can be cured by treating the acid that irritates the throat, such as reflux, and tobacco products such as hookah and cigarettes should be avoided. You can use honey or propolis for the throat or lozenges.